Biography (in short / with more details)
Eric Brousseau is Professor of Economics and Management at Paris-Dauphine University and part-time Professor at the European University Institute (Florence, It.) in the Global Governance Program. He is a member of Dauphine Research in Management (DRM), a Joint Research Center between the CNRS.
He is the founder and the director of the European School for New-Institutional Economics (ESNIE), and Vice-President of the International Society for New-Institutional Economics (ISNIE). His research agenda focuses on the economics of governance, with three main applied fields: innovation and intellectual property, Internet and digital economics, environmental governance. In matter of institutional economics, Eric Brousseau has been working extensively on the economic of contracts, multi-level governance, public vs. self-regulation, and on the dynamic of institutions. He published more than 80 papers in various academic journals and books, authored one book, and edited more than 15 books or journal issues. He has been involved in researches funded by the French Government, the European Commission, the US National Science Foundation, the UN, and the OECD.
While he was at the University of Paris Ouest, Eric Brousseau was the director of EconomiX, a leading Research Center of the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) from 2005 to 2011. He also chaired the CNRS's Research Consortium "Information and Communication Technologies and the Society" (GDR TICS) from 2002 to 2009. He was also a member of the Institut Universitaire de France (2002-2007).
Eric Brousseau’s research are articulated around three main topics (with overlaps)
Contracts, Institutions and Governance
The interdependencies among bilateral (contract), community (self-governance) and institutionalized (nation-state regulation) rules and governance mechanisms are investigated as well as the dynamic of institutions building and evolutions. Theoretical contributions (book on the New Institutional Economics, Two special issues of the Journal of Economics Behaviors and Organizations and of the Journal of Comparative Economics on the Dynamic of Institutions) are articulated with more applied contributions on the Internet (one forthcoming book entitled “Governance, Regulation and Power on the Internet” in 2011) on environmental issues (one special issue of Ecological Economics in 2005 ; two forthcoming books at MIT Press and Oxford University Press), and on public policies (one OECD volume in 2007 on contracts among levels of governments, and one OECD report in 2009 on institutional reforms).
Internet and Digital Economics
The way value is created in digital industries and the sustainability of alternative business models is explored by combining economics of innovation, economics of information and industrial organization. The role of assembling platforms between demand and supply and the way they compete is studied in relation to the specificities of digital networks and to the dynamic of these industries. In the past years, an almost handbook on the economics of the Internet and digital activities was published with Cambridge University Pres (2007), and a special issue of the Review of Network Economics on the economics of digital business models came out in 2007.
Intellectual Property and Innovation
Several databases were built and several surveys have been made to deepen the understanding of the role of the institutions of intellectual property rights in the structuring of market for intangibles. The main fields of application are the economics of technology licensing agreements, technology transfers and the economics of the music industry. Papers on these issues are published on a regular basis in scientific journals.
The current research programs include:
- a deepening of the understanding of the dynamic of states and legal systems building, with investigations of the interplay of national systems in the global arena and analyses of processes of development;
- a systematic investigation of the governance and regulation of markets in a knowledge based economy and in the context of the regionalization and globalization of the economy;
- an analysis of the requested institutional changes to meet the environmental challenges, and of the governance issues raised by the necessity to manage fundamental institutional reforms.
Collective and Management Responsibilities
From 2005 to 2011, Eric Brousseau was the head of a joint research operated by the CNRS (National Centre for Scientific Research) and the University of Paris Ouest. It combines theoretical and applied research in various fields of economics. With more than 220 members among whom 90 researchers, 11 administrative and technical staffs, 120 PhD students, EconomiX is one of the major research unit in economics in France. Research activities at EconomiX are structured around six complementary axes: Law, Institutions and Regulation; Firms, Inequality and Social Policies; Sustainable Development, Environment, Public Economics; Money, Finance, Intermediation; International Macroeconomics and Financial Econometrics; History and Theoretical Economics. To create EconomiX Eric Brousseau managed the merger of four formerly existing research units. Among other indicators, since the merger, the number of publication in top international journals quadrupled.
Eric Brousseau is also strongly involved in the management of several scientific networks.
- He is the founder and the director of the l'European School on New Institutional Economics (ESNIE) a network organizing on a regular basis training sessions and scientific workshops aimed at increasing the knowledge of and research on the economics of institutions in Europe as well as promoting the development of scientific networks. More than 800 researchers from more than 60 different nationalities have been involved in ESNIE's activities over the years, giving birth to a very active scienific network.
- Eric Brousseau is the current Vice-President of the International Society for New Institutional Economics (ISNIE); a society funded by the Nobel laureates Ronald Coase and Douglass North to encourage rigorous theoretical and empirical investigation of the institutions of social, political and commercial life using approaches drawn from economics, organization theory, law, political science, and other social sciences. Before he was the secretary of the society from 2007 to 2011.
- Eric Brousseau also played a strong role in the building and coordination of major EU funded projects, in particular the Integrated Project Ref-Gov (6th FP) in which was in charge of the sub-network on the governance of markets and associated to the sub-network on global public goods. He was also a member of the executive committee of the the Network of Excellence DIME (2005-2011)
Eric Brousseau has ben the founder and co-director of two master programs
- The master IREN Network Industries and Digital Economy is an international graduate program of excellence. Its aim is to train students to allow them to master the principles driving network industries and the digital economy. It targets careers either in the academia or in companies, governments, consumer based organizations, or institutions of regulation. It is an educational partnership jointly operated by four Universities of the Region Ile-de-France (Paris-Dauphine, Paris Ouest, Paris-Sud, and Pierre et Marie Curie) and three Grandes Ecoles (Ecole Polytechnique, Supélec, Télécom ParisTech).
- The Master of Law and Economics is a joint program between the department of Economics and the Law School at the University of Paris-Oouest. Created in 2006, it is the first program in France in the field. It trains students in the economics and law of regulation and antitrust; and more generally in law and economics.